Health authorities confirm that Cholera is now in the southeast region, following seven confirmed deaths at an Enugu livestock market.
The victims were traders at the New Artisan Market, a predominantly livestock market, State Health Commissioner, Dr. Emmanuel Obi, said.
Apart from the seven, 19 others showed associated symptoms and were evacuated to Parklane, the State University’s specialist and teaching hospital.
State Doctors who visited the market identified their symptons as “sudden onset of passage of loose stool and vomiting,” Obi said.
Consequently, further tests at the hospital confirmed that the 19 patients contracted the cholera bacteria disease and they are now being treated.
Obi asked Enugu people not to panic but to follow safe health practices as “the situation is under control.”
The authorities also implemented a crash instruction for New Artisan traders on how to implement “safe and hygienic practices.”
New Artisan Market hosts traders shuttling between Southeast and core northern regions where they predominantly trade in livestock.
Enugu Metro warned in an earlier report that residents planning to visit the endemic states in Northeast and Northwest should exercise due care.
Unsurprisingly, those who may have visited or come from these areas appear to be vectors of the disease.
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) had listed seven vulnerable states where cholera outbreak were first reported.
According to NCDC, Cholera is a bacterial disease which causes severe diarrhoea and dehydration, and is usually spread in water.
It leads to a quick death if it is not treated right away once the symptons are detected.
The most common causes of cholera are poor sanitation and contaminated drinking water, Enugu Health Commissioner, Dr. Obi said.
Thus, the disease mainly spreads through contaminated food or water, according to the NCDC.
Cholera is endemic and seasonal, occurs annually, mostly during the rains and often in areas with poor sanitation.
In Enugu, Obi listed common symptoms as large amounts of watery diarrhoea lasting a few days, vomiting and muscle cramps.
He therefore asked Enugu people to prevent cholera by keeping their homes and surroundings clean and by washing hands often.
Cholera: Facts you should know
- Extremely rare
- Fewer than 500 cases per year (Nigeria)
- Treatable by a medical professional
- Spreads through contaminated food or water
- Requires a medical diagnosis
- Lab tests or imaging always required
- Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
- Critical: needs emergency care
- Source: Google